I am a political scientist and legal scholar specializing in empirical research on armed conflict, policing, political violence, transitional justice, and migration. Currently, I am the National Security Law Fellow at the Georgetown University Law Center. My research and teaching interests are in the areas of criminal law and procedure, national security, international, and comparative law (particularly Iraq, Syria, Egypt, and Islamic law), informed by quantitative and qualitative data, field research, and work with United Nations humanitarian and peace-building efforts in Iraq.
I hold a J.D. from Yale Law School (2016) and a Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale University (2019), where my dissertation examined the Islamic State’s governance of civilians in Iraq and Syria and implications for post-conflict transitional justice. I am professionally proficient in Arabic and have conducted field research in Iraq, Egypt, Turkey, Lebanon, and Oman. My methods include door-to-door household and online surveys, experiments, interviews, and archival research to build original datasets based on newspapers and social media posts. Work-in-progress includes research on how gender and ethnic biases affects citizen-police relations in conflict-affected societies, attitudes toward human rights and international humanitarian law among U.S. military cadets, and the origins of policing in the United States.
I also work with humanitarian and development organizations to support evidence-based policies and programs that aim to strengthen rule of law and state legitimacy, support peaceful reconciliation after conflict, and mitigate the root causes of political violence and extremism. I have served as the lead researcher on Iraq and Syria for United Nations University, the research wing of the United Nations system, for projects on the recruitment of children by armed groups and prospects for transitional justice after the Islamic State. I have also conducted research with the International Organization for Migration on perceptions of police in Iraq and with the United Nations Development Programme on pathways for return and reintegration of families perceived as affiliated with the Islamic State. Closer to home, I have served as a pro bono expert witness for Creating Law Enforcement Accountability & Responsibility (CLEAR), which provides free legal representation to Muslim and other communities who are targeted by law enforcement on national security grounds. During law school, I interned for Human Rights Watch in Egypt conducting research on human trafficking in the Sinai Peninsula and the violent repression of Muslim Brotherhood supporters following the 2013 military coup.
My work has been published in The Journal of Politics, The Journal of Conflict Resolution, The Journal of Global Security Studies, World Development, The Harvard National Security Journal, The Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Foreign Affairs, and The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Law. My research has been funded by the U.S. Institute of Peace, Innovations for Poverty Action, the Folke Bernadotte Academy, United Nations University, The Program on Governance and Local Development, The American Political Science Association, and The Project on Middle East Political Science, among others.
Before entering academia, I was the Assistant Director of the Atlantic Council's Rafik Hariri Center for the Middle East, a Junior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Middle East Program), a Critical Language Scholar in Jordan, and a Fulbright Fellow in Oman. I hold a B.A. in Political Science and Arabic from Swarthmore College.
Header photo: Ninewa, Iraq (March 2019)